In the case of agriculture, the United States has a comparative advantage. We are the world`s leading producer of many agricultural products and we have developed considerable resources to transport our agricultural products throughout the country and around the world. Compared to other countries in the world, the United States is a source of production and low cost for agricultural products. The figures show that removing trade barriers, such as tariffs through free trade agreements, is giving an economic boost to U.S. agriculture. Negotiators and lobby groups often see national or EU food safety rules as barriers to trade, for example. B they criticise the labelling legislation as it would limit the demand for genetically modified foods in the EU. In fact, these rules were put in place to allow citizens to make well-informed food decisions. To give in to these criticisms would be to sacrifice democratically agreed standards to allow a handful of companies to maximize their profits, to the detriment of citizens, nature and farmers.

The reform of agricultural trade did not end with the birth of the agricultural agreement. WTO members continue to negotiate agricultural trade reform. Since the date of that first trade deal, U.S. agricultural exports have grown from $30 billion to $135 billion today. Agricultural imports also grew, but not as fast, from $20 billion in 1985 to $115 billion in 2016. To highlight the impact of free trade agreements, Chart 2 breaks down U.S. agricultural exports by partner (free trade agreements, China, and other non-free trade agreements). As the chart shows, much of the growth in U.S.

agricultural exports is in our free trade partners, with Canada and Mexico accounting for a significant portion of that growth. Since 1985, U.S. agricultural exports have grown at an average rate of 29% with our EPA partners. During the same period, our agricultural exports reached an average growth rate of 7% with non-FTA countries, including China. China`s removal from the non-FTA list slows the annual export growth rate to 5 percent. Further discussions with Japan on improving trade rules related to science-based sanitary/phytosanitary standards and biotechnology legislation are expected to start in May 2020. . .

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