The different paths and strategies for European economic integration and the common market became particularly evident after the 1970s; Denmark joined the ERC in 1973, when it also left EFTA. At the end of the 1960s, Norway intended to join the European Community, particularly with regard to the NORDEK case, but after a referendum in 1972 it decided to remain outside the Community and continued to do so. Sweden and Finland did not have the full membership agreement in the 1970s, but both countries signed free trade agreements with the EEC in the early 1970s. In the post-war decades, Finland also developed important trade relations with the Soviet Union and signed trade agreements with the CAEM, the economic bloc of socialist countries. Can EFTA member states also sign bilateral free trade agreements? Norway`s economic and trade relations with the EU are mainly governed by the European Economic Area (EEA) agreement. Norway`s merchandise trade with the EU has a deficit of 2.5 billion euros in 2019. Almost 60% of Norway`s exports are exported to the EU. Fishing – The EFTA Convention guarantees free trade in fish and other maritime products between Member States. Membership of the UK would therefore mean better market access in the UK than the current EFTA countries. Sweden is part of the European Union. Relevant trade agreements in the EU can be find here. Sweden is a member of the EU and does not enter into free trade agreements. However, Sweden is actively involved in the preparations and work carried out during the ongoing EU-led negotiations.

The National Trade Committee`s mission is to provide the Swedish government with qualified analysis to negotiate and make trade policy decisions. The EFTA secretariat does not participate in the management of bilateral agreements between Switzerland and the EU. Since 2001, the EFTA agreement has been constantly updated to bring its content in line with the bilateral agreements between Switzerland and the EU and the EEA agreement. These include, for example, provisions relating to the free movement of persons between all EFTA states. As a result, the EEA agreement provides for a high level of economic integration, common competition rules, state aid rules and public procurement. The administrations of the four EFTA countries have set up their own internal structures, in which work focuses not only on the consequences of Brexit, but also on establishing new trade relations with the UK. These include the appointment of national coordinators at the senior level and the creation of inter-departmental working groups. Switzerland has initiated several dialogues with the United Kingdom: (1) a so-called continuity dialogue, which deals with horizontal issues and monitors progress in each area, and (2) specific dialogues in areas currently under agreements between Switzerland and the EU. OFFTA was part of the general cooperation between the three countries of the Baltic Assembly, modelled on Nordic cooperation (see Nordic Council).

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