As has already been said, audit studies have been conducted that test discrimination by comparing the experiences of people who are looking for rental housing and are in the same way, with the exception of a distinctive sign (for example. B are racist, single parent, have a disability, are gay or lesbian, etc.). These studies have shown that racialized people, gays and lesbians and people with mental disabilities are among those identified by code grounds and are very vulnerable to being totally denied a lease. [146] Income information can only be obtained and taken into account if the lessor recovers and also takes into account information on credit references and the history of the potential tenant. Only if the potential tenant does not provide credit references or information on rent history on request can the landlord consider the income information in isolation. Any assessment of all available information must be in good faith, meaningful and non-discriminatory. In determining whether their programs, policies and structures can have a disproportionate impact on those identified by code grounds, housing providers need to consider the broader social context. Systemic discrimination can occur when housing providers, particularly large housing providers, do not take into account the reality of those identified by the code in the development of their policies, programs and structures. If housing providers are unable to design people who have been identified by the code, they may be disadvantaged and excluded. Lease agreements generally contain a clause prohibiting the tenant, visitors and any other member of the household from behaving in a manner that can be characterized as harassment or antisocial behaviour. If these terms of the contract are violated, then the landlord is able to try to evict the tenants.

Housing providers may engage in systemic discrimination if they are systematically unable to maintain buildings primarily occupied by persons identified by code grounds. This is most evident in low-income residential complexes. People living in these dwellings may be particularly vulnerable to poor quality housing because of their lack of social and economic power and their lack of willingness to complain for fear of reprisals. A prospective tenant or tenant can file a complaint with the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) if their rights are violated under the Fair Housing Acts. It is necessary to file the complaint within one year of the alleged discrimination. HUD will conduct an investigation to determine whether the complaint should be dismissed or attempted to obtain a „conciliation agreement” between the parties.

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